Top 5 Open Source Linux Server Provisioning Software

Kickstart

From the official Redhat guide:

Many system administrators would prefer to use an automated installation method to install Red Hat / CentOS / Fedora Linux on their machines. To answer this need, Red Hat created the kickstart installation method. Using kickstart, a system administrator can create a single file containing the answers to all the questions that would normally be asked during a typical Red Hat Linux installation. Kickstart provides a way for users to automate a Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation.

Kickstart Configurator allows you to create or modify a kickstart file using a graphical user interface, so that you do not have to remember the correct syntax of the file.

Fig.01: RHEL - Kickstart Configurator

Fig.01: RHEL – Kickstart Configurator




  • Kickstart Installations Guide
  • KVM: Install CentOS / RHEL Using Kickstart File (Automated Installation)

Fully Automatic Installation (FAI)

FAI is a non-interactive system to install, customize and manage Linux systems and software configurations on computers as well as virtual machines and chroot environments, from small networks to large-scale infrastructures and clusters. It is a tool for fully automatic installation of Debian and other Linux Distributions such as Suse, Redhat, Solaris via network, custom install cd, or into a chroot environment. Some people also use it to install Windows.

FAI Features

  1. Installs and updates Debian, Ubuntu, SuSe, RHEL, CentOS, Fedora, Mandriva, Solaris, etc
  2. Centralized deployment and configuration management
  3. Integrated disaster recovery system
  4. Easy set up of software RAID and LVM
  5. Installs XEN domains, VirtualBox and Vserve
  6. Every stage can be customized via hooks
  7. Full remote control via ssh during installation

Cobbler

Cobbler is a Linux provisioning server that centralizes and simplifies control of services including DHCP, TFTP, and DNS for the purpose of performing network-based operating systems installs. It can be configured for PXE, reinstallations, and virtualized guests using Xen, KVM or VMware. Again it is mainly used by Redhat and friends, but you can configure a PXE server to boot various non-RPM boot images such as Knoppix and other flavors of Debian such as Ubuntu.

There is also a lightweight built-in configuration management system, as well as support for integrating with configuration management systems like Puppet. Cobbler has a command line interface, a web interface, and also several API access options.

Fig.02: Cobbler WebUI (image credit: Fedora project)

Fig.02: Cobbler WebUI (image credit: Fedora project)




Spacewalk

From the official website:

Spacewalk is an open source (GPLv2) Linux systems management solution. It is the upstream community project from which the Red Hat Network Satellite product is derived. Spacewalk manages software content updates for Red Hat derived distributions such as Fedora, CentOS, and Scientific Linux, within your firewall. You can stage software content through different environments, managing the deployment of updates to systems and allowing you to view at which update level any given system is at across your deployment. A clean central web interface allows viewing of systems and their software update status, and initiating update actions.

Features:

  1. Inventory your systems (hardware and software information)
  2. Install and update software on your systems
  3. Collect and distribute your custom software packages into manageable groups
  4. Provision (kickstart) your systems
  5. Manage and deploy configuration files to your systems
  6. Monitor your systems
  7. Provision and start/stop/configure virtual guests
  8. Distribute content across multiple geographical sites in an efficient manner.

Fig.03: Spacewalk Server Provisioning System

Fig.03: Spacewalk Server Provisioning System

OpenQRM

From the official website:

openQRM is the next generation, open-source Data-center management platform. Its fully pluggable architecture focuses on automatic, rapid- and appliance-based deployment, monitoring, high-availability, cloud computing and especially on supporting and conforming multiple virtualization technologies. openQRM is a single-management console for the complete IT-infra structure and provides a well defined API which can be used to integrate third-party tools as additional plugins.

Features

  1. Complete separation of “hardware” (physical servers and virtual machines) from “software” (server-images)
    Support for different virtualization technologies
  2. Fully automatic Nagios configuration (single click) to monitor all systems and services
  3. High-availability : “N to 1” fail-over
  4. Integrated storage management
  5. Distribution support – openQRM 4.x comes with a solid support for different linux distribution like Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS and openSuse. A single openQRM server can manage the provisioning of servers from those different linux distributions seamlessly.

Fig.04: OpenQRM Dashboard

Fig.04: OpenQRM Dashboard (image credit: OpenQRM project)

DIY: Provisioning Server

You can build your own server using PXE, TFTP server, and DHCP software. PXE allows you to boot up a system and have it automatically get an IP address via DHCP and start booting a kernel over the network. See the following articles for more information:

  • Setting up a server for PXE network booting
  • How to Install Red Hat Linux via PXE and Kickstart
  • Setting Up A PXE Install Server For Multiple Linux Distributions

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